Viva Origino 26(1) (March, 1998)


第23回学術講演会は京都大学「生命の起原と進化における放射線の役割」との合同会議の形で、3月1日から5日まで泉大津市「ホテル・サンル−ト関西」において開催した。国際会議であったので全て英文のプログラムとした。


SCIENTIFIC PROGRAM

The scientific program consists of Oral Sessions (O) and Poster sessions (P).

Monday, 2 March 1998

Opening Ceremony

9:00-9:30 Remarks

Akaboshi M. (Chairman), Navarro-Gonzalez R. (Int'l Executive Committee), Ferris J. P. (Int'l Advisory Board), and Harada K. (SSOEL-Japan)

CHEMICAL EVOLUTION (Extraterrestrial)

9:30-10:30 (Chairpersons: Navarro-Gonzalez R. and Saito T. )

O-1. Radiation chemical approaches to chemical evolution processes on earth and beyond by Draganic I. G. (Inst. Nucl. Sci. "Vinca", Yugoslavia)
O-2. Radiation prebiotic syntheses in the solar system by Raulin F. (Universite Paris, France)

11:00-12:00 (Chairpersons: Noda H. and Kawamura K.)

O-3. Delivery of extraterrestrial organics to the primitive Earth: UV- processing of amino acids in Earth orbit by Berbier B., Berstrand M., Boillot F., Chabin A., Chaput D.1, Henin O. and Brack A. (Centre de Biophys. Moleculaire. CNRS, and 1Centre Natl. d'Edudes Spatialles, France)
O-4. Titan Haze: Cyanoacetylene and cyanoacetylene-acetylene photopolymers by Ferris J. P., Joseph J. and Clarke D. 1 (Dept. Chem.. Rensselaer Polytech. Inst., and 1Dept. Basic Sci., Albany College of Pharmacol., USA)

CHEMICAL EVOLUTION (Terrestrial)

13:00-14:00 (Chairpersons: Ferris J. P. arrd Goto K.)

O-5. Chemistry of archean volcanic lightning by Navarro-Gonzalez R., Molina M. J. and Molina L. T. (Dept. Earth, Atomos. and Planet. Sci., Mass. Inst. Tech., USA)
O-6. Irradiation promoted production of organic precursor species in inorganic solids on the prebiotic Earth by Collins C. H. (Inst. Quimica, Univ., Estadual Campinas, Brazil)

14:00-15:00 (Chairpersons: Greenberg J. M. and Matsuno K.)

O-7. Radiation-induced reactions in compounds of biochemical relevance by Negron-Mendoza A. and Ramos-Bemal S. (Inst. Ciencias Nuci. UNAM, Mexico)
O-8. Biogenic compounds observed in radiation chemical simulation experiments by Vujosevic S. I. and Draganic I. G. (Inst. Nucl. Sci. "Vinca", Yugoslavia)

15:00-l7:00 Poster Session

2-P-1. Absolute asymmetric synthesis of metal complex compounds achieved by the first order asymmetric transformation by Kato T. (Dept. Industrial Chem., Ashikaga Inst. Technol.)
2-P-2. A flow reactor for prebiotic synthesis simulating hydrothermal vent by Imai E., Honda H., Hatori K. and Matsuno K. (Dept. BioEngin., Nagaoka Univ. of Technol.)
2-P-3. Autocatalytic synthesis of oligopeptides in a flow reactor by Maeshima A., Imai E., Honda H., Hatori K. and Matsuno K. (Dept. BioEngin., Nagaoka Univ. of Technol.)
2-P-4. Degradation of oligopeptides by contact grow discharge electrolysis by Munegumi T. and Shimoyama A1 (Oyama Natl. College of Technol. and 1Dept. Chem., Univ. Tsukuba)
2-P-5. The organic-inorganic interactions as a geochemical origin of life by Nakajima S. and Yakushiji H. (Earth and Planetary Sci., Hokkaido Univ.)
2-P-6. The role of organic-inorganic interaction in polymerization of amino acidsby Yakushiji H. and Nakajima S. (Earth and Planetary Sci., Hokkaido Univ.)
2-P-7. Kinetic analysis of hydrothermal reactions: Monitoring of ATP hydrolysis by flow tube reactor by Kawamura K. (Dept. Appl. Chem., Osaka Prefect. Univ.)
2-P-8. Hydrolysis of polynucleotides in aqueous solution at elevated temperatures by Kawamura K., Kameyama N. and Matsumoto O. (Dept. App. Chem., Osaka Prefect. Univ.)
2-P-9. Synthesis of amino acids from sodium carboxylic induced by keV Nitrogen ions. Wang X., Han J., Shao C. and Yu Z. (Inst. Plasma Phys., China)
2-P-10. Radiolysis of carbonates and related organic systems in 3.8 Ga by Albarran G.1 and Collins C. H.2 (1Inst. Ciencias Nucl. UNAM, Mexico and 2Inst. Quimica. UNICAMP, Brazil)
2-P-11. Quantum mechanical investigations of fullerene, photoactive and organometallic molecules, complexes, supramolecules, supermolecules and design of basic elements of molecular devices for the electronically genome regulation by Tamulis. A.1, Tamulis V.2 and Tamuliene J.1 (1Inst. Theor. Phys. and Astron. and 2Facul. Natur. Sci., Vilnius Univ., Lithuania)
2-P-12. Radiation induced stable fullerene radical anion by Hase H. (Res. Reactor Inst., Kyoto Univ.)
2-P-13. Experimental studies of chemical evolution using nuclear reactions and their associated radiations by Akaboshi M., Kawai K., Tanaka Y., Kawamoto K. and Sumino. T. (Res. Reactor Inst., Kyoto Univ.)
2-P-14. Survivability of small biomolecules under high temperatures by Basiuk V.A.1 and Gonzalez R. N.2 (1Lab. Quimica Plasma Estudios Planetarios and 2Ciencias Nucl. UNAM., Mexico)
2-P-15. The prebiotic synthesis: The uranium as an universal energy source by Garzon L. (Universidad de Oviedo. Spain)

Tuesday, 3 March 1998

9:30-l0:30 (Chairpersons: Yuasa S. and Harada K.)

O-9. Surface chemical reactions during the irradiation of solids: Prebiotic relevance by Ramos-Bemal S. and Negron-Mendoza A. (Inst. Ciencias Nucl. UNAM, Mexico)
O-10. Chemical evolution on the dust grains in the dark clouds: Experimental approach by Hiraoka K. (Facul. Engin., Yamanashi Univ.)

11:00-12:00 (Chairpersons: Brack A. and Munegumi T.)

O-11. Chemical synthesis of biomolecules in the origin of life simulated by ions implantation by Yu Z., Han J., Shao C. and Wang X. (Inst. Plasma Physics, Acad. Sinica, China)
O-12. Versatile chemical reactions of carbon compounds by using water molecule under high Energy conditions by Harada K. (Kobeshoin Women's College)

13:00-18:00 Excursion to Castle Kishiwada, Danjiri-Kaikan and Kuboso Museum.

Wednesday, 4 March 1998

9:30-l0:30 (Chairpersons: Hase H. and Hiraoka K.)

O-13. Studies on mechanisms of amino acid formation in plasma by optical emission spectroscopy by Miyakawa S, Kobayasi K.1 and Sawaoka A. B. (Mater. Structure Lab., Tokyo Inst. Tech. and 1 Fac. Eng., Yokohama Natl. Univ. )
O-14. The possible role of radiation in biogenesis: A system approach by Lahav N., Nir S., Assouline S. and Trainin A. (Hebrew Univ., Jemsalem, Israel)

11:00-12:00 (Chairpersons: Lahav N. and Nakamura H.)

O-15. Non-equilibrium processes in prebiotic chemical evolution by Roessler K. (Inst. Nuklearchemie., Forscungszentrum, Julich, Germany)
O-16. Synthesis of RNA oligomers and their template properties by Ertem G. and Ferris J. (Dept. Chem., Rensselaer Polytech. Inst., USA)

RADIATION AND ORIGIN OF CHIRALITY

13:00-14:00 (Chairpersonsi Merwitz O. and Draganic I. G.)

O-17. Radiation as the advantage factor in the prebiotic formation of enantiometric excess by Goldanskii V. I. (N. N. Semenov Inst. Chem. Phys., Russian Acad. Sci., Russia)
O-18. New concepts on the role of physical parameters inducing homochirality for the evolution of biospheres by Thiemann W. H-P. (Inst. Phys. Chem., Bremen Univ., Germany)

14:00-15:00 (Chairpersons: Thiemann W. and Nakagawa K.)

O-19. Radiation on the causal origin of homochirality by Wang Wenqing (Dept. Tech. Phys., Peking Univ., China)
O-20. UV processes leading to prebiotic and chiral organics in interstellar dust by Greenberg J. M. (Lab. Astrophys., Univ. Leiden, The Netherlands)

15:00-17:00 (Poster Session)

4-P-1. Property of active site for D-tryptophan on tryptophanase by Shimada A., Kouda T, and Nakamura I 1 . (Inst. Appl. Biochem., Univ. of Tsukuba and 1Dept. Food and Nutrition, Sagami Woman's Univ.)
4-P-2. On the origin of saccharides: Biology meets chemistry by Hirabayashi J. (Facul. Pharmaceut. Sci., Teikyo Univ.)
4-P-3. Molecuiar diversity and evolution ofthe galectin gene family in C. elegans by Hirabayashi J. (Facul. Pharmaceut. Sci., Teikyo Univ.)
4-P-4. Origin and evolution of the endogenous double-stranded RNAs in plants by Koga R. and Fukuhara T. (Lab. Molecular and Cellular Biol., Tokyo Univ. of Agr. and Technol.)
4-P-5. Role of the terminal base-pair of acceptor stem and CCA sequence of tRNA in aminoacetylation activity by Tamura K and Hasegawa T l . (Inst. Phys. Chem. Res. and 1Facul. Sci., Yamagata Univ.)
4-P-6. May we ignore static geomagnetic field as the cause of chirality and helicity ? by Yamauchi M. and Wahlund J-E. (Swedish Inst., Space Phys, Sweden)
4-P-7. Role of inorganic phosphorus compounds in life evolution: Molecular recognition and hydrolysis of polyphosphates by natural enzymes by Yoza N. (Facul. Sci. Kyushu Univ.)
4-P-8. Kinetic analysis of the poly(C) template-directed synthesis of oligoguanylates in aqueous solution at elevated temperatures by Umehara M. and Kawamura K, (Dept. Appl. Chem., Osaka Prefect. Univ.)
4-P-9. Molecular evolution of aminoacyl tRNA synthetases and origin of universal genetic code by Ishigami M.1 , Ihara T.1 and Shinoda H.1,2 (1College Integr. Arts and Sci., and 2College of Agricul., Univ. of Osaka Prefecture)
4-P-10. Selection of RNA-binding peptides from combinatorial libraries by Harada K. and Frankel A. D.1 (Dept. Life Sci.. Tokyo Gakugei Univ. and 1Dept. Biochem. and Biophys., Univ. Califomia, USA)
4-P-11. Glutamyl tRNA synthetase of halophilic archaebacterium Haloferax volcanii by Shinoda H l ., Ihara H 2., Nakano Y 1 and Ishigami M 2 (1College Agr., and 2College Integr. Arts and Sci., Osaka Prefect. Univ.)
4-P-12. The origin of ribonuclease P RNA (MI RNA), as viewed from poly-tRNA theory by Surnki T., Ohnishi K. and Yanagawa H l . (Facul. Sci., Niigata Univ. and 1 Mitsubishi-Kasei Inst. for Life Sci.)
4-P-13. Origins and molecular evolution of prokaryotic cell-division genes by Hokari S, and Ohnishi K. (Facul. Sci., Niigata Univ.,)
4-P-14. Poly-tRNA-mediated origin of mRNAs and genetic codes by Ohnishi K and Yanagawa H.1 (Facul. Sci.. Niigata Univ. and 1 Mitsubishi-Kasei Inst. for Life Sci. )
4-P-15. Formation of amino acids from simulated planetary atmosphere by radiation by Masuda H., Ushio K. Kaneko T., Kobayashi K. and Saito T. 1 ( Facul. Engineering, Yokohama Natl. Univ. and 1 ICRR. Univ. of Tokyo)
4-P-16. Rate of racemization and degradation of amino acids during acid-hydrolysis of synthetic Peptides by Nagata Y. and Tagashira J. (Dept. Life Sci., Himeji Inst. Technol.)

Thursday, 5 March 1998

9:30-10:30 (Chairpersons: Goldanskii V. and Harada K.)

O-21. The role of isotope effects in radiation-induced selection processes by Merwitz, O. (Forschungszentrum Julich GmbH, D-52425 Julich, Gerrnany)
O-22. Search for asymmetric reaction of amino acids by circularly polarized radiation using a polarizing undulator at the electrotechnical laboratory by Nakagawa K., Mochida T., Okamoto T., Saijoh S., Ueji S., Amakawa T. Yamada T.l and Onuki H.1 (Fucl. Human Develop., Kobe Univ., and 1 Electrotec. Lab., Tsukuba. Japan)

ENERGETICS FOR CHEMICAL EVOLUTION

11:00-12:00 (Chairpersons: Yu. Zengliang and Mita H.)

O-23. Contribution of cosmic ray, radiation, Iightning and geothermal heat to prebiotic synthesis on the primitive Earth by Matsuno K. (Dept. BioEngin. Nagaoka Univ. of Technol., Japan)
O-24. Energetics, formation rates and densities in chemical evolution by Saito T. and Kobayashi K. 1 (Inst. Cosmic Ray Res., Univ. of Tokyo and 1 Dept. Physicalchem., Yokohama Natl. Univ.).

BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION

13:00-14:00 (Chairpersons: Nagano K, and Ishida M.)

O-25. DNA repair and evolutionary conservation of stress response genes in Archaebacteria by Nair. C. K. K., Rajagopalan R. and Kazi A. S. (Bhabha Atomic Res. Center, India)
O-26. Induction of macromutations with gamma-rays in rice plant (Oryza sativa L.) by Yamamoto K. (Nagaoka Univ. of Technol. )

14:00-15:00 (Chairpersons: Nair C. K. K. and Fukuda I.)

O-27. Tunneling reaction in 7 -inadiated mammalian cells and their model system at 295 K by Miyazaki T. and Watanabe M.1 (School Eng., Nagoya Univ, and Japan Atomic Energy Res. Inst, and 1 Facul. Pharmaceutical Sci., Nagasaki Univ.)
O-28. Activity for D-tryptophan on γ-inadiated typtophanase by Shimada A. and Akaboshi M. 1 (Inst. Appl. Biochem., Univ. of Tsukuba and 1Res. Reactor Inst. Kyoto Univ.)

15:00-17:00 (Poster Session)

5-P-1. Accumulation of energy for development in starfish eggs by Shirai H. and Kuroiwa Y. (Ushimado Marine Lab., Okayama Univ.,)
5-P-2. Significance of phospholipid bilayer in origin and evolution of the cells by Nakamura H. (Facul. Sci.. Konan University)
5-P-3. RAPD analysis of local populations of a mayfly species, Epeorus ikanonis by Kanayama H., Takemon Y., Tanida K., Baek S., Ishigami M. and Kato M., (College of Integr. Arts and Sci. Osaka Prefect. Univ.)
5-P-4. Structure and molecular evolution of a satellite DNA isolated from a saltwater fish Sillago Japonica by Matsunaga. K., Ishigami M. and Kato M. (College of Integr. Arts and Sci. Osaka Prefect. Univ.).
5-P-5. Sequence polymorphism of Sillago japonica EcoRl family satellite DNA by Takeda M., Ishigami M. and Kato M. ( College of Integr. Arts and Sci. Osaka Prefect. Univ.).
5-P-6. Lamination and lithification in living stromatolites, phototrophic bacterial mats from Yunomine-Onsen Hot Spring. Hongu, Wakayama Prefecture by Shimizu, A., Mizuno, S., Yamashita C., Kawai K.1 and Kato, K.2 (Nara, Women's Univ., 1Res. Reactor Inst. Kyoto Univ., and 2Lab. Biol. Itan. Shinshu Univ.,)
5-P-7. Macro cellular structure of acidothermophilic archaebacterium Thermoplasma by Yamagishi A., Oshima T. and Takahashi G.1 (Tokyo Univ. of Pharmacy. and 1 Hirosaki Univ.)
5-P-8. A molecular view of microbial diversity in marine and terrestrial hot water environments by Takai K., Nunoura T.1, Sako Y1. and Uchida A.1 (Deep-sea Microorg. Res. Group, Japan Marine Sci. and Tech. Center and 1Grad. School of Agr., Kyoto Univ,)
5-P-9. Strategy for identifying the initial system of life by Iida K. (Fundamental Res. Lab., NEC Corp.
5-P-10. SNS hypothesis on the origin of the genetic code by Ikehara K. and Yoshida S. (Facul. Sci, Nara Women's Univ.)
5-P-11. A possible evolutionary pathway of the genetic code deduced from the SNS hypothesis by lkehara K. (Facul. Sci., Nara Women's Univ.)
5-P-12. Organic compounds in the condensed water from the MIR space station by Mita H., Shimoyama A., 1Nakano T. and lNagaoka S. (Dept. Chem., Univ. Tsukuba and 1NASDA )
5-P-13. A hypothesis that advent of membrane phospholipid with enantiometric glycerophosphate backbone caused the divergence of archaea and bacteria by Koga Y., Kyuragi T.1, Nishihara M. and Sone N.1 (Dept. Chem., Univ. Occup. Environ. Health Kitakyushu and 1Dept. Biochem. Engin. Sci., Kyushyu Inst. Technol.)
5-P-14. Modification of a α-crystalline obtained from aged and X-ray irradiated mouse lenses by Fujii N.1,2, Momose Y.1, Yamazaki M.l, Takita M.2 and Kodama T.3 (1 PRESTO, JST, Nervous Inform. Lab., 2Nervous Inform. Lab. and 3Ehime Univ.. School of Med.)
5-P-15. Determination of rare earth elements in cultured HeLa cells using ICP-MS by Tanaka Y., Kawamoto K., Kawai K., Takada J., Sumino T. and Akaboshi M. (Res. Reactor Inst.. Kyoto Univ.)
5-P-16. The creation of the living organisms by the solar radiation: Why are they against thermodynamics ? by Toyozawa Y. (Dept. Phys., Chuo Univ., )

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